An element of the monument at the Edfu ‘s the Ptolemaic Temple away from Horus out-of Behdet to your edge of the city

The metropolis regarding Edfu, toward west lender of Nile 56km southern area away from Esna and you can 105km north out of Aswan, is actually now a significant hub to have glucose development and you will pottery-and work out. This site of Edfu Tell is actually called Wetjeset-hor (ancient label Apollinopolis Magna), where the newest jesus Horus was worshipped and you may the spot where the race ranging from Horus with his antique opponent Seth in old myths took place. Whilst it was well covered because of the wasteland sand and you may individual settlement dirt, Edfu temple try decided to go to by many early tourist. The brand new mud have aided in preserving this building which was receive is nearly entirely undamaged when it was initially eliminated and you may excavated by the Auguste Mariette from the 1860s.

The current area comes the label from the old Egyptian Djeba that has been built towards the good mound for the eastern lender

Of all of the forehead remains in Egypt, the fresh new Temple regarding Horus on Edfu is among the most really-preserved and the only one we know to have come completed. Constructed from sandstone stops the large Ptolemaic forehead try built more than the website out of a smaller sized before forehead, dependent eastern to help you western, into lake. The brand new later on structure faces northern to help you southern area and leaves the new destroyed stays of your own elderly temple pylon to be noticed to your eastern side of the first legal. From strengthening texts inside the after Ptolemaic forehead and therefore survives today, we all know this try started by the Ptolemy III Euergetes I within the 237 BC, however, was not complete up to 57 BC.

Absolutely nothing is known concerning the first temple from Horus at Edfu, but there’s inscriptional facts one to This new Empire rulers Seti We, Rameses II and you can III performed building work around

Until recently, visitors approached the new forehead earlier the massive housing wall structure towards west top, carved having numbers of one’s Ptolemaic kings giving to various deities. There is now a recently constructed coach playground, cafeteria and you will open-heavens art gallery which leads right to the leading of one’s forehead. The initial build we come to, at the southern-western area till the high forehead pylon, was a square colonnaded strengthening odd to Graeco-Roman temples, labeled as a beneficial mammisi or delivery-house, built to celebrate the divine beginning off Horus. The newest Roman mammisi during the Dendera was modelled about this framework. Reliefs show the newest jesus Bes, beginning scenes in addition to infant child out-of Horus and you can Hathor, Ihi (Harsomptus), nursed by the Hathor throughout the marshes.

Carvings with the massive dual towers of 36m highest access pylon are nearly reflect photos of each other towards traditional views of the queen smiting his opposition before Horus. We are able to including clearly comprehend the mast grooves to your flags which may enjoys fluttered from the entry. A couple sculptures of your own Horus falcon remain through to the head portal. For the entry try a smooth courtyard flanked because of the colonnades toward the newest eastern and you may west as well as on the latest south and therefore illustrates relief carvings of your own ‘Meal of one’s Breathtaking Meeting’. This is a long and extremely important festival in which the cult statue out of Hathor off Dendera was brought to Edfu to your a good barge that have far complex routine and you may occasion, meet up with their own consort Horus for their yearly reunion. Almost every other ceremonies of one’s event can be seen around the structure of your own courtyard.

Ahead is the fundamental temple facade facing which explanation really stands brand new well-known colossal black colored granite statue out-of Horus because good falcon, sporting brand new double crown out of Higher minimizing Egypt. The latest facade have display screen structure having engaged columns about common types of Later Period and you can Ptolemaic temples.

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